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RSS Fardin in Bremen

  • 19th century Market on the Grand Place of Brussels June 14, 2009
    by: Ibu ClaireThe main market of Brussels has been used as a market, since its creation beginning 10th century.Vegetables and poultry were sold, but also birds maintained into cages for their singing...At the end of 17th century, King Louis the 14th of France willing to conquer the Low Countries(name of Belgium at that time), bombed […]
  • Manneken-Pis June 14, 2009
    by : Ibu ClaireManneken-Pis (a 100m. away from the Grand-Place)This little 17th C. boy is supposed to be the oldest inhabitant of the city of Brussels. He is supposed to have gotten lost, and when found back, he was in this positon !His family was so happy that they offered a water-fontain to the inhabitants […]
  • Place Royale Brussels May 30, 2009
    by: Ibu ClaireThis square was built on the ruins of a previous royal palace, that burned out around 1715. Around 1780, huge works started in the "classical" style inspired by the castle of Versailles (France). It was supposed to be used for military parades,as the new palace was built "around the corner"Archeological researches were made […]
  • Atomium of Brussels 1958 May 21, 2009
    by: Ibu ClaireWas erected in 1958 for the World Exhebition. It represents a molecule of cristal iron and symbolizes the 9 provinces of Belgium. Each sphere has a diameter of 18 m.It is 102m. high and weighs 2400 tons. The designer was Ingenior André Waterkeyn.For its 5Oth anniversary, it was completely restaured,with partly by private […]

RSS Laravel

  • Pumps – My Most Valuable Tips
    Laravel Pumps – My Most Valuable Tips Where to Find the Best Male Reproductive Organ Enlargers There are a lot of products that are labeled for male reproductive organ enlarger. With these male reproductive organ enlarger products, the main purpose is to help the man get a bigger and better erection for intercourse. The male […]
  • aboard united parcel service and goblet professionals really get the job done each and every time i need these phones board up a building or my company.
    Laravel aboard united parcel service and goblet professionals really get the job done each and every time i need these phones board up a building or my company. Preparing repairs and improvements in an office which will continuously be working with the course of action could actually be a difficulty simply because one, accidents may […]
  • A Simple Plan: Services
    Laravel A Simple Plan: Services 3 Benefits to Massage Therapies There are some people who do not like being massaged at all, while there are other people who enjoy it very much; the truth is, massage therapies are actually very beneficial to people. It does not matter how old you are, you will definitely be […]
  • Professionals – Getting Started & Next Steps
    Laravel Professionals – Getting Started & Next Steps Rights of an Employee in Workers’ Compensation Law To start with, this is an insurance that covers the workers who get injured or fall sick during work. This law clearly outlines the duties and responsibilities of a worker. Other than that, it covers the employer’s obligations to […]

What’s new in ArcGIS 10.3.1 for Desktop

ArcGIS 10.3.1 for Desktop includes enhanced functionality and stability improvements.

The following sections summarize changes in different functional areas of ArcGIS. Most sections include links to topics with more information for that specific area of the software.

The following are new and improved tools for ArcGIS 10.3.1, arranged by toolbox.
3D Analyst
LAS dataset toolset

Three new geoprocessing tools are available: Classify LAS By Height, LAS Point Statistics By Area, and Locate LAS Points By Proximity.
Visibility toolset

The Viewshed 2 geoprocessing tool that was introduced for the Spatial Analyst extension for ArcGIS 10.3 has been added to the Visibility toolset of the 3D Analyst toolbox.

This tool determines raster surface locations visible to a set of observer features. This tool offers enhanced functionality over the existing surface visibility tools (Observer Points, Visibility, and the original Viewshed) in the following areas:

This tool performs its calculations using geodesic methods.
Greatly improved performance for visibility analysis is possible with this tool on systems that have a GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) available, provided that your machine has an appropriate NVIDIA graphics card with CUDA compute capability 2.0 or opencl 1.2, and a current driver.
It optionally accommodates vertical uncertainty in the input surface and produces an observer-visible region relationship table for up to 32 observers (points, multipoints or polylines) which can be related back to the input observer feature class.

Conversion toolbox

The Export To CAD has two new choices for the output_type parameter: DWG_R2013 and DXF_R2013.
Data Management toolbox

You can use the Add Incrementing ID Field to add a database-maintained, unique identifier to an existing table in ALTIBASE. This ID field is required if you will publish the table in a feature service.

When you run the Add Spatial Index tool on geometry or geography feature classes in a SQL Server database or a geodatabase in SQL Server, no input is required to define the spatial grid. If your SQL Server database compatibility level is set to 100 (SQL Server 2008 or 2008R2), grid levels are always set to medium. If your SQL Server database compatibility level is 110 or higher (SQL Server 2012 or later release), an autogrid is used. In both cases, the spatial extent of the index is set to the current extent of the data.

Additional changes to existing tools are as follows:

Get Raster Properties—For the property_type parameter the ACQUISITIONDATE choice was replaced with ACQUSITIONDATE (the correct spelling).
Create Pansharpened Raster Dataset—The sensor parameter has a new WorldView-3 choice.
Make Image Server Layer and Make Mosaic Layer—New processing_template parameter.
Make Mosaic Layer—The mosaic_operator parameter has a new SUM choice.
Create Mosaic Dataset—The product_definition parameter has a new WORLDVIEW-3_8BANDS choice.
Alter Mosaic Dataset Schema—The raster_type_names has a new WorldView-3 choice.
Generate Tile Cache Tiling Scheme—New lerc_error parameter.

Multidimension toolbox

The Select by Dimension tool has been enhanced to support layers based on multidimensional mosaic datasets and multidimensional image services.
Spatial Analyst toolbox
Surface toolset

Some updates were made to the Viewshed 2 tool for ArcGIS 10.3.1.

The Output above ground level raster (AGL) option has been fully enabled. The AGL result is a raster where each cell value is the minimum height that must be added to an otherwise nonvisible cell to make it visible by at least one observer.
The Analysis method parameter was added, allowing you to choose the method by which the visibility will be calculated. This option allows you to trade some accuracy for increased performance.

Geodatabases and databases

Starting with ArcGIS 10.3.1, you can connect to read-only databases or geodatabases in Oracle. This is useful if you use Oracle Data Guard; you can move some of the load off your primary database by connecting to one of the standby databases for read-only access, such as sharing data through map services.

You can now register an ALTIBASE, SAP HANA, or Teradata database with ArcGIS for Server and publish data as a feature service. This allows you to share spatial layers through web services. You can also enable editing on the feature service to allow users who connect to the feature service through an application to update the data.

If you load or create new feature classes or tables in an Oracle 12c database from ArcGIS 10.3.1, ArcGIS uses an Oracle identity column for the ObjectID field. The identity attribute is new in Oracle 12c. Using the native database identity column for the ObjectID field improves performance when inserting rows or features.
3D Analyst extension

Improved spatial reference handling, including better support for vertical datum information from LAS files.
Three new geoprocessing tools are available: Classify LAS By Height, LAS Point Statistics By Area, and Locate LAS Points By Proximity.
The Viewshed 2 tool was added.

Spatial Analyst extension

For the Image Classification toolbar, a new tool for creating training samples from segmented images was added.

See the Spatial Analyst toolbox section above for details on the changes to Spatial Analyst geoprocessing tools for ArcGIS 10.3.1.

Source :  desktop.arcgis.com/en/desktop/latest/main/get-started/whats-new-in-arcgis-1031.htm


by : Ahmad Munir and Paharuddin

This paper presents a WEB-GIS base computer model for publishing soil erosion model. The primary objective of this research is to develop a model for soil erosion prediction. The result of simulation is published in the WEB-GIS. The computer model consists of six sub models. The first sub model is DATABASE, it is used for managing data for the model. The second sub model is AKUISISI deals with data acquisition. The third sub model is RAMAL deals with forecasting simulation of erodibility and land cover factors. The sub model RAMAL employs a Neural Network Simulation (NNS) that can increase precision of the forecasting result.


by: Vivienne Cole & Jochen Albrecht

Many of the recent studies of vegetation spread and the invasion of introduced species incorporate GIS and some form of dynamic modelling in one- or two-dimensional space. Most work, however, concentrates on presenting a predetermined model in an abstract computer simulation environment. The focus has been on the system’s ability to display the model (results), as opposed to its ability to develop or compose a model, acting as a creative tool in an applied situation. The research presented in this paper uses a GIS-based cellular automata (CA) framework to study and create an applied and ecologically significant model of spread for the invasive plant species Rhamnus alaternus.

Agent-Based Modelling

by : Marco A. Janssen

1. Introduction
Agent-based modelling (ABM) is the computational study of social agents as evolving systems of autonomous interacting agents. ABM is a tool for the study of social systems from the complex adaptive system perspective. From this perspective, the researcher is interested in how macro phenomena are emerging from micro level behaviour among a heterogeneous set of interacting agents (Holland, 1992). By using ABM as computational laboratories, one may test in a systematic way different hypotheses related to attributes of the agents, their behavioural rules, and the types of interactions, and their effect on macro level stylized facts of the system.

Practical CakePHP Projects

by: Kai Chan and John Omokore with Richard K. Miller
First off, thank you for picking up this book. Whether you are standing in a bookshop or reading this at home, we assume you probably have a strong interest in developing web sites.
In the past few years, the number of web site frameworks has increased dramatically. This is especially true for PHP-based frameworks. Many people have chosen to adopt CakePHP (Cake, for short) for various reasons, such as these:

  • PHP Programmers are widely available. Most project have tight deadlines, and you want team members who can quickly pick up a new piece of technology.
  • Cake PHP is easy to learn. You want a powerful tool taht you can easily master.
  • Cake PHP has good support. Developers frequently post and reply to message on the Cake forum. And there are always some good discussions happening on the Cake IRC. (To see for yourself, simply download mIRC from, connect to  the server, and join the channel.)

When you are developing a site using Cake, you often find yourself trawling through tutorials online to see how things are done. We’ve done that ourselves many times. However, despite the power of the Internet, we still like to look through books. And we think you will find this book a great help in your Cake development endeavors, in addition to all of the material available online.
Most of the applications in this book have been written as a result of some real-world development we have done in the past. We focus on projects that we think are relevant to the future of web development.
Let’s take mashups, for example. We should all take an interest in this ever-expanding area of web development. We can honestly say that any successful online web site in the future will need to easily communicate with other applications. Application designers will need to bear this in mind. Matters such as search engine optimization need to be built into the application itself. Cake allows us to think in terms of the high-level architecture instead of the nuts and bolts of a web application.

RSS Geospatial

  • ArcPy and ArcGIS: Geospatial Analysis with Python
    Geospatial ArcPy and ArcGIS: Geospatial Analysis with Python ArcGIS allows for complex analyses of geographic information. The ArcPy module is used to script these ArcGIS analyses, providing a productive way to perform geo-analyses and to automate map production. This book will guide you from basic Python scripting to advanced ArcPy script tools. This book starts […]
  • Geospatial Semantic Web
    Geospatial Geospatial Semantic Web This book covers key issues related to Geospatial Semantic Web, including geospatial web services for spatial data interoperability; geospatial ontology for semantic interoperability; ontology creation, sharing, and integration; querying knowledge and information from heterogeneous data source; interfaces for Geospatial Semantic Web, VGI (Volunteered Geographic Information) and Geospatial Semantic Web; challenges of […]
  • What are geospatial technologies
    Geospatial What are geospatial technologies About the technologies Geospatial technologies is a term used to describe the range of modern tools contributing to the geographic mapping and analysis of the Earth and human societies. These technologies have been evolving in some form since the first maps were drawn in prehistoric times. In the 19th century, […]
  • Google Maps JavaScript API Cookbook
    Geospatial Google Maps JavaScript API Cookbook Day by day, the use of location data is becoming more and more popular, and Google is one of the main game changers in this area. The Google Maps JavaScript API is one of the most functional and robust mapping APIs used among Geo developers. With Google Maps, you […]